Synthesis and integration involve succinctly summarizing the main points of the chosen resources and combining the summaries into a coherent narrative.

Learning Resources


Course Text: Browne, M. N., & Keeley, S. M. (2018). Asking the right questions: A guide to critical thinking (12th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson. 


· Chapter 6, “Are There Any Fallacies in the Reasoning?”

Web Sites

· What Is Plagiarism? 

· Introductions and Conclusions 

· Ending the Essay: Conclusions

· Resources for Scholarly Writing

Synthesis and integration involve succinctly summarizing the main points of the chosen resources and combining the summaries into a coherent narrative. Synthesis and integration require skills that improve with experience.

To prepare:

· Review the Torraco article from Week 5, focusing specifically on synthesizing and integrating the literature review. 

· Of the 10-12 collected resources, choose the 4 peer-reviewed journal articles that most closely address the problem chosen for your Capstone Project. 

The assignment:

In 2-4 pages, respond to the following:

1. Cite the four resources you have chosen to synthesize and integrate into a narrative. (You may copy and paste the citations from the list of resources you submitted last week.) 

2. Synthesize and integrate the four resources into a coherent narrative that: 

· Begins with an introduction 

· Includes an integrated synthesis of the resources 

· Relates the narrative to your problem statement

Running head: substance use disorder and addictions 1

substance use disorder and addictions 8

Substance Use Disorder and Addictions

Paula King

Walden University


Dr. Jane Lyons

June 16, 2019

Problem Statement

Substance use disorders and addictions are becoming a common challenge within the social construct in todays’ society. It is vying with the normative of social structures that support good behavior and sustaining from using drugs. A drug is any that substance that is consumed by a person, that may change typical substantial capacities. A medication is a compound substance utilized in the treatment, fix, anticipation, or finding or used to generally upgrade physical or mental prosperity. Medications might be endorsed for a restricted term, or all the time for perpetual issue. Recreational medications are synthetic substances that influence the focal sensory system, for example, narcotics or drugs. They might be utilized for apparent gainful consequences for discernment, awareness, character, and conduct. A few medications can cause dependence and habituation. Numerous regular substances, for example, brews, wine, and a few mushrooms, obscure the line among nourishment and medications, as when ingested they influence the working of both the brain and body. When an individual fall ill due to drug use (which they often do), it becomes very hard to treat them. More specifically, when an individual takes a drug overdose, it becomes hard to assist them because they cannot express themselves after passing out.

Many different factors determine the effectiveness of treatment. The problem here is that the barriers to treatment delay it and make treatment untimely. When a physician conducts first aid but is yet to fully help the patient realize vital signs because of diagnostic challenges, response to an emergency may be delayed, and a patient’s life may be in danger.

Lack of communication is the first barrier to treatment because drug and substance abusers have slurred speech, and at times, they cannot completely talk. A majority of drug and substance abusers do not use in front of their families. As such, it becomes difficult for a relative to tell the doctor what the patient used. Besides, the drugs abused (even if they are in the form of pills) are never preserved in labeled bottles. The use of multiple drugs and substances for the sake of realizing a dopamine rush later causes a multiplicity of conditions or disorders. Afterward, what follows is a diagnosis of confusion since comorbid disorders may be complicated to deal with (Djulbegovic and Guyatt, 2017).


Evidence-Based Practice and Evidence-Based Medicine is yet to be embraced fully in the medical community. Health care professionals are, however, to be trained on matters revolving around Evidence-Based Practice and Evidence-Based Medicine. It will take a considerable amount of time before health caregivers figure out how Evidence-Based Practice and Evidence-Based Medicine can be used to deal with the multitude of challenges that surface

when a drug and substance abuse patient is brought forward to the casualty of a hospital.


Djulbegovic, B., & Guyatt, G. H., (2017). Progress in evidence-based medicine: a quarter century on. The Lancet, 390(10092), 415-423.

Straus, S. E., Glasziou, P., Richardson, W. S., & Haynes, R. B. (2018). Evidence-Based Medicine E-Book: How to Practice and Teach EBM. Elsevier Health Sciences.

Please read uploaded papers and use correct format for this assignment