namathe industries manufactures children rsquo s footballs with the following standa 642460

(Variances and variance responsibility) Namathe Industries manufactures children’s footballs with the following standard costs per unit:

Material: one square foot of leather at $2.00

$ 2.00

Direct labor: 1.6 hours at $9.00


Variable overhead cost


Fixed overhead cost


Total cost per unit


Per unit overhead cost was calculated from the following annual overhead budget for180,000 footballs.

Variable Overhead Cost

Indirect labor—90,000 hours at $7.00


Supplies (oil)—180,000 gallons at $0.50


Allocated variable service department costs


$ 810,000

Total variable overhead cost

Fixed Overhead Cost


$ 81,000



Other fixed costs


Total fixed overhead cost


Total budgeted overhead cost at 180,000 units


Following are the charges to the manufacturing department for November when 15,000 units were produced:

Material (15,900 square feet at $2.00)

$ 31,800

Direct labor (24,600 hours at $9.10)


Indirect labor (7,200 hours at $7.10)


Supplies (oil) (18,000 gallons at $0.55)


Allocated service department variable OH costs






Other fixed costs




Purchasing normally buys about the same quantity as is used in production during a month. In November, the company purchased 15,600 square feet of material at a price of $2.10 per foot.

a. Calculate the following variances from standard costs for the data given:

1. Material purchase price

2. Material quantity

3. Direct labor rate

4. Direct labor efficiency

5. Overhead budget

b. The company has divided its responsibilities so that the Purchasing Department is responsible for the purchase price of materials and the Manufacturing Department is responsible for the quantity of materials used. Does this division of responsibilities solve the conflict between price and quantity variances? Explain your answer.

c. Prepare a report detailing the overhead budget variance. The report, which will be given to the Manufacturing Department manager, should only show that part of the variance which is her responsibility and should highlight the information in ways that would be useful to her in evaluating departmental performance and when considering corrective action.

d. Assume that the departmental manager performs the timekeeping function for this manufacturing department. From time to time, analyses of overhead and direct labor variances have shown that the manager has deliberately misclassified labor hours (i.e., listed direct labor hours as indirect labor hours and vice versa) so that only one of the two labor variances is unfavorable. It is not feasible economically to hire a separate timekeeper. What should the company do, if anything, to resolve this problem?