Alterations of Pulmonary Function in Children QUESTIONS

  1. How does chest wall compliance in infants compare to adults?
  2. Why is nasal congestion a serious threat to young infants?
  3. The risk for respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) decreases for premature infants when they are born after _____ weeks of gestation.
  4. Which type of croup is most common?
  5. What are the clinical manifestations of croup?
  6. What is the chief predisposing factor for respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) of the newborn?
  7. What is the primary cause of RDS of the newborn?
  8. What is the primary problem in RDS of the newborn?
  9. What is the sequence of events after atelectasis develops in respiratory distress syndrome of the newborn?
  10. Bronchiolitis tends to occur during the first years of life and is most often caused by which infection?
  11. What are the clinical manifestations of bacterial pneumonia in children?
  12. Which immunoglobulin is present in childhood asthma?
  13. Which T lymphocyte phenotype is the key determinant of childhood asthma?
  14. Which cytokines activated in childhood asthma produce an allergic response?
  15. Write a description of childhood asthma.
  16. Write a description of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).
  17. What do fibroblast growth factors cause in ARDS?
  18. In ARDS, how does a diffuse pulmonary thrombosis contribute to pulmonary edema?
  19. Write a description of cystic fibrosis.
  20. What is the cause of cystic fibrosis (CF)?
  21. What are the abnormalities in cytokines found in children with cystic fibrosis?
  22. Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) occurs most often between _____ and _____ months of age.